While Cause and Effect are part of the CC State Standards, it is often only taught within individual units, and the Big Picture connection is left out of neglected altogether. This method leaves students seeing this lack of cohesion, eventually learning that history is nothing but unconnected topics over time.
And teaching Cause and Effect is not the incredible challenge it seems at first glance. And unlike many other academic routines, it can be started at any point in the school year. Here are just a few suggestions to get you started:
- Create a Build-Upon Timeline that students keep in their notebook and update with each unit, summarizing after each with the major causes and effects that lead from one era to the next.
- Add a Graphic Organizer between unit notes to connect the dots, including significant changes that lead one time period into the next.
- Transition into each new unit with a Flashback into the previous unit, pulling the themes together as you move from period to period.
- Assign Transition Essays where students conclude each unit with a culminating essay that addresses the major changes of the period and the impact they may have on the future.
What will you be teaching these next few weeks? Here are my regular units for this time period:
- Progressive Era Through WWI US Unit
- Between the Wars Project
- WWI & Russian Revolution World Unit
- WWII World History Unit